Birdwatching in Eritrea

For Eritrean Schools & Children

 
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Dear Teachers

We hope that this page will provide you with some ideas and information for your science or English lessons on the beautiful birds of Eritrea.  There are two lesson activities below.  The first is in English and is designed for Junior School students.  The second is in Tigrinya and is designed for Elementary School Students.  If you are lucky enough to have internet access at your school, you can use the page online.  If not, you can always save it to disk or flash drive and then save it to the computers in your computer lab for the children to use there.  Alternatively, print and copy it onto a poster!

 

Dear Students

We hope you will enjoy these lessons on the beautiful unique birds of the Abyssinian Highlands! 

 

Click on the bird to go to your lesson!

 


 

Junior School Lesson

The mountains in Eritrea and Ethiopia are called the Abyssinian Highlands.  Over millions of years, new species of birds have evolved here that are unique to the Abyssinian Highlands.  Read the 4 description of the birds and match them to the 4 photos.

Photograph A

Photograph B

Photograph C

Photograph D

       
1 Black-winged Lovebird

This is a beautiful, small green bird, which is related to the parrots.  It has a red beak, and the male has a red forehead.  It lives in native tree species in the highlands from Asmara to Senafe.  It is called the lovebird because the male and female are always together!

2 Wattled Ibis

This is a big, dark brown bird with a long, curved beak.  It has a white patch on each wing and flaps of skin that fall down in front of its face.  It lives near water, feeding in green fields in the highlands from Serajeka to Senafe.  It often calls loudly when it flies.

3 White-cheeked Turaco

This is a large green bird, with a red beak, a red eye, and two white marks on the face, one in front of the eye.  It has a crest on the top of its head.  It lives in native forest, and is quite common in Filfil where it eats figs and fruit and travels in parties of 3 or 4.

4 Rouget's Rail

 

This is a small, orange brown bird that looks a bit like a chicken.  It has a big white patch under its tail and it always lives near streams and rivers in the highlands.  It feeds in grassy fields, but it likes to hide in thick plants near the water.  It is very shy, so you have to be very quiet if you want to see it.

Now click here to find out the names of each bird and check your answers.

 


 

Elementary School Lesson

(To view the text below, you will need to have either GF Zemen Unicode font or Geez Mathem Unicode font installed on your computer.)

እቲ ኣብ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ዝርከብ በረኽቲ ኣኽራናት ዝውንን ቅርጺ መሬት ናይ ኣበሲንያ በሪክ መሬት (ከበሳ) ወይውን ኣበሲንያን ሃይላንድ ይበሃል።  ቅድሚ ሚልዮናት ዓመታት ኣብዚ በረኽቲ ቦታታት ፍልይ ዝበላ ሓደስቲ ናይ የዕዋፍ ዘርኢ ተራእየን።  እዚ ብዛዕባ የዕዋፍ ዝገልጽ 4 ጽሑፍ ኣንቢብካ ምስቲ 4 ስእሊ ኣዛምዶ።

ስእሊ 1

ስእሊ 2

ስእሊ 3

ስእሊ 4

       

Black-winged Lovebird

(ብላክ ዊንግድ ላቨበርድ)

ወይውን ዑፍ ፍቕሪ በዓል ጸሊም መንገብገብ ትብሃል።

እዛ ዘርኢ ናይ ፓፓጋሎ ዝኾነት ዑፍ ቀይሕ ዝሕብሩ ኣፍ ኣለዋ። ኣብ ጫፍ ናይ መንገብገባ ጸሊም ሕብሪ ኣለዋ። እቲ ተባዕታይ ኣብ ግንባሩ ቀይሕ ምልክት ኣለዎ።

ሰፈራ መብዛሕቱኡ ኣብ ገረብ ጽሕድን ቆልቆልን ዘለዎ ኣከባቢ እዩ።

እትርከበሉ ዝርግሔ ካብ ከባቢ ኣስመራ ጀሚራ ስጋብ ከባቢ ሰንዓፈ እዩ።

ፍረ ቆልቆልን ከም እውን ዝተፈላለየ ደቀቅቲ ፍረታት ይምገባ። ናይ ፍቅሪ ዑፍ ተባሂለን ዝጽውዓሉ ምኽንያት ተባዕታይን ኣንስተይትን ኣብ ኩሉ ምንቅስቃሳቶም ስለ ዘይፈላለዩ እዩ።

Wattled Ibis

(ዋትልድ ኣይቢስ)

እዚኤን ዓይነት ዑፍ ካብ ደርሆ ዕብይ ዝበላ ኮይነን ደሚቅ ብናዊ ሕብሪ ዘለወን ከምእውን ኣብ ክልተ መንገብገበን ጻዕዳ ምልክት ኣለወን።

ቅርጺ ናይ ኣፈን ንውሕ ዝበለ ኮይኑ ንታሕቲ ዕጽፍ ዝበለ እዩ።

ኣብ ክሳደን ንታሕቲ ጠልጠል ዝበለ ስጋ ኣለወን። ክነፍራ ከለዋ ድምጺ ይገብራ።

መብዛሕትኡ ደቀቅቲ ሓሳኹ ይምገባ። ዝርከበኦ ኣከባቢ ኣብ ከበሳ ኮይኑ ኣብ ማይ ዘለዋ ሓምላይ ስፍራ እዩ።

ዝርግሐአን ካብ ከባቢ ሰረጀቃ ስጋብ ሰንዓፈ እዩ።

 

White-cheeked Turaco

(ዋይት ቼክድ ቱራኮ)

ካብ ርግቢት በረኻ ቁሩብ ዕብይ ዝበላ ኮይነን ነዊሕ ጭራ ዘለወን ቀጠልያ ዝሕብረን ጽቡቃት የዕዋፍ እየን።

ኣፈንን ከባቢ ዓይነን ቀይሕ ሕብሪ ኣለወን ኣብ ከባቢ ዓይነን ክልተ ጻዕዳ ምልክት ኣለወን። ኣብ ርእሰን ብርኽ ዝበለ ጸሊም ሕብሪ ኣለወን።

ዝርከባሉ ኣከባቢ ኣብ ጽምው ዝበለ ዓበይቲ ኣግራብ ብብዝሒ ኣብ ዘለዎ ኣብ ከባቢ ፍልፍልን ምራራን እዩ። ካብ ኣግራብ ዝተፈላለየ ዓይነት ፍረታት ይምገባ።

 

Rouget's Rail

(ሩጎትስ ሬል)

ንእሽቶ ደርሆ ትመስል ኮይና ናብ ኣራንሾኒ ዝኽደ ብናዊ ዝሕብራ ዑፍ እያ።

ፍሉይ መለለይኣ ኣብ ትሕቲ ጭራኣ ዕብይ ዝበለ ጽዕዳ ሕብሪ ኣለዋ።

እትርከበሉ ቦታ ኣብ ከባቢ ከበሳ ኮይኑ ኣብ ጥቃ ዝዛሪ ማይ ወይውን ኣብ ከባቢ ሩባታት ነዊሕ ሳዕሪ ብብዝሒ ኣብ ዝርከበሉ ኣከባቢ ሳዕሪ

እንዳተመገበት ትነብር። ኣዝያ ሓፋር ዑፍ ስለ ዝኾነት ናይ ሰብ ድምጺ እንተሰሚዓ ብጉያ ኣብ ከባቢኣ ኣብ ዝርከብ ቆጥቆጥ ትሕባእ።

ነዛ ዑፍ ክትሪኢ እንተደሊኻ ድምጺ ከየስማዕካ ቀስ ኢልካ ኣብቲ ዘላቶ ቦታ ክትሪኣ ትኽእል ኢኻ።  

 

 

Click here to check your answers.

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