Birdwatching in Eritrea

Eritrea Travel & Accommodation



PLEASE NOTE: Details on this page may have changed. For the latest prices and hotel options, please contact Solomon Abraha or Dawit Berhane on our Contacts and Services page.


Getting to Eritrea

The only easy way to get to Eritrea is to fly there.  All flights come into Asmara Airport.  Lufthansa and Egypt Air run weekly connections from Europe. The Yemeni national airline Yemenia also flies to Asmara.  Many flights arrive during the night.


Remember that you need to get a visa before you arrive in Eritrea.  Tourist visas can be obtained easily from Eritrean Embassies and Consulates for about $50-60US, and last 1 month.


Binoculars and Telescopes

Currently, travellers need special permission to bring binoculars into the country.  Contact Solomon Abraha at Travel House International for more information about this.  If they are necessary, Solomon can get permission for you.  See below for his contact details.


Asmara Airport is only a short distance outside the city.  Taxis usually cost about 300Nfa. ($20) to get to town.  Buses run every hour or so during the day if you want to save some cash, and cost only 1 Nakfa.  You can pay on the bus.  The number 1 is the only bus that goes from the airport to the centre of town, but it stops running at about 9pm and starts again at about 6am, so if you arrive in the middle of the night, you'll have to get a taxi.   


There is a $20US airport tax fee to pay on leaving Eritrea.


Accommodation in Asmara

Asmara has a full range of accommodation, ranging from European prices and standards at the Hotel Intercontinental, to the pensions dotted around the town centre, which can cost as little as 30Nfa a night (but beware of bed-bugs if you go this cheap!).


Here are some recommendations at different prices, going from most expensive to cheapest:



Name / Contact Details




Asmara Palace Hotel

Warsay Avenue

Tel 153700



USD 135/170 Single/Double

About 5km from the town centre on the airport road.

Recently built, with all western mod cons, such as a good restaurant, swimming pool, en-suite facilities and guaranteed electricity and water supplies, hence the high price.  The only place where credit cards are accepted.


Albergo Italia

13 Nakfa Avenue, Tel: 120740



USD 88/132

Single/ Double


Very near the town centre, just behind the post office.


Refurbished fairly recently. Another hotel with western standards, but this one also has a bit of history and style.  En-suite facilities and guaranteed electricity and water supplies.  Excellent service too.


Ambasoira Hotel

Beleza Str.175

Tel 12 32 22



USD 40/57 Single/Double

In town centre.

Nestled in the heart of Asmara, within the walking distance from the main avenue, ideally located for business and leisure travellers.

Sunshine Hotel

Bdho Str. 76

Tel 127880



USD 44/66



Very near to the town centre.

Located within a walking distance from the heart of the town, has 24 clean rooms with en-suite facilities.

Savanna International Hotel

Geregr Sudan Str.172

Tel. 201241



USD 44/66



Within walking distance of the town center.

Has 58 rooms ranging from standard to 1st class and suite rooms.

Median Hotel

172-4 Str.

Tel. 12 62 32


USD 44/57



Within walking distance of the town center.

Newly  built hotel with clean rooms and free internet services.

Lion Hotel

20 Bakla St. Tel: 151226

e-mail :


USD 40/47



About 3km from the town centre, towards the airport.


A nice hotel with en-suite facilities, good service and a nice atmosphere.  The restaurant and bar are on the roof, and the food is excellent here.

Africa Pension

171-10 St. or Keskese St. Tel: 121436


USD 12/16



In a quiet, beautiful part of town, just a short walk from the town centre.

Fairly cheap, but with a touch of class too!  Beautiful gardens and excellent views from the higher floors.  Shared shower rooms/toilets.



Travelling Around Eritrea

There are many complications to travelling around Eritrea (listed below) so my first recommendation is to organise your trip through an experienced travel agent.  Solomon Abraha runs Travel House International and should definitely be your first point of contact.  As well as being one of the best, most professional and most experienced travel agents, he himself is one of Eritrea's keenest birdwatchers, and speaks both English and Italian excellently.  What more do you need?  Here are the contact details for Travel House:


Travel House International  No 5, 175-5 Street, PO Box 5579.  Telephone:  201881; 201882; 201883.  Fax: 120064; 120751.


Travel Permits

Travel around Eritrea is best organised through an experienced travel agent.  Travel permits are necessary for all destinations, and whilst they are not difficult to get, you could waste a lot of time dealing with bureaucracy if you don't know the system.  If you want to try yourself, the relevant office is the Ministry of Tourism on Asmara Avenue, almost opposite the distinctive Catholic Cathedral (St Mary's).  Most permits cost about 20 Nfa, although for some destinations such as Filfil and archaeological sites (Qohaito, Adulis, Metera) they cost 70 Nfa, and may require a separate permit.  The Ministry of Tourism will explain the procedure.


Travel Options

2 basic options exist:  Car hire or public transport on Eritrean buses. 

Car hire can be organised through several organisations, listed below.  Prices are similar to those in the west, currently at 1000Nfa per day (about $70US) for a saloon car, and up to 2000Nfa per day (about $140US) for a 4-wheel drive.  A 4-wheel drive is strongly recommended, especially because many good birding locations are accessed along unsurfaced roads.

  Africa Car Rental:  Tel:  121755

  Alfa:  Tel:  201355

  Dina:  Tel:  116124

  Leo Rent a Car:  Tel:  202307

  Sahil Car Rental:  Tel:  125804 (located at 171 Harnet Avenue in the centre)

  Star Car Rental:  Tel:  126849

  Travel House International:  Tel:  120208 (located near the centre, on 175-5 St. opposite Casa degli Italiani)


Whilst it is possible, very cheap and an interesting way to meet people, travelling on the local buses often involves long waits and uncomfortable travel conditions on board.  The bus stations are located in a cluster about 2km to the north of the town centre.  They are near to the "Media Eritra" Markets.  If you ask people, they'll direct you there.  Ask for the bus station for the town you want to get to, and most people know.  If you'd prefer to try in Tigrinya, ask for 'Nay awtobus metsebey nab...' with the name of the town.  When you get there, ask people for the bus by saying the name of the town.  You'll soon be pointed in the right direction.  As a foreigner you'll likely be pushed to the front of the queue.  If not, queues are often lines of bags, rocks and tin cans, and you need to put your bag at the right end.  Occasionally written lists exist, and you need to add your name.  For some locations, buses fill up slowly, so you may be able to get straight on without queuing, but you may have to wait an hour or two for the bus to fill before it will leave.  Waiting times are completely unpredictable, although usually between 1 and 3 hours.  Buses rarely leave after dark.  Fares are very cheap (at the time of writing - 28Nfa to Adi Keih, 17Nfa to Keren, 20Nfa. to Massawa).  Once you have reached your destination town, you can easily get around on foot if you like trekking, and you should easily be able to find a local person who is willing to show you the sights and take you to the birdwatching locations described on this website.  They may expect or hope for a small fee/tip, which you should negotiate in advance.  As I mentioned above, this is a great way to meet the friendly, hospitable Eritreans, and get a feel for life from their point of view.



Good current maps of Eritrea do not exist.  The only one you are likely to be able to get hold of is the International Travel Map (Scale: 1:900,000) published by ITMB Publishing in Canada.  Without wanting to criticise the only map available, be warned that there are lots of mistakes on this map, including place names that are wrong, or old fashioned, places omitted, obsolete roads, etc.  So always ask for local advice, or take somebody with you who knows the area.


Recommended Further Reading

The Bradt Guide to Eritrea by Edward Denison was republished in 2007 and the information therein is far more comprehensive.  I recommend investing in a copy for your trip.

Eritrea Information             
Abyssinian Endemics            
Bird Checklist for Eritrea       
Travel & Accommodation
In Italiano                           
Other Wildlife                      
Asmara Birdwatching           
Filfil Birdwatching                
Adi Keih Birdwatching          
Massawa Birdwatching         
Dahlak Islands Birdwatching    
Elabered / Keren Birdwatching
Gash Barka Birdwatching        
Contacts and Services        
Children and Schools